HISTORY AND SCOPE OF TOXICOLOGY
 

HISTORY OF TOXICOLOGY
 

I.    Early history:   Romans, Greeks, Chinese

II.    Socrates (470-399 B.C.):                                              

III. 15th Century Europe: Italians developed poisoning into an art form

            poisoning became a normal hazard of life.....

1.  Venice's "Council  of Ten" (City Council)

2.  Borgia:  prominent family who practiced "applied toxicology" 3.  Catherine de Medici (1519-1589) IV.  Paracelsus full name: Philipus Aurelius Theophastrus Bombastus von Hohenheim-Paracelsus (1493-1514) V.  Orfila (1787-1853) Spaniard--personal physician to Louis XVIII

                    "The Father of Modern Toxicology"

 VI.  Mid 1800s:  
 

SCOPE OF TOXICOLOGY
 

 
 
Some specialty areas of Toxicology:

1.  Clinical Toxicology:  (hospital setting)

2.  Forensic Toxicology:  (Medical Examiners office) 3.  Industrial Toxicology: 4.  Environmental Toxicology: 5.  Biochemical and MolecularToxicology: 6.  Product development Toxicology:  (Corporate setting)

 7.  Regulatory Toxicology:  (industry and government setting)